Self defense and the law

Self defense and the law

Good day everyone, it’s my privilege to bring you today’s ‘Know Your Laws”. “Know you laws” is a production of the Press Office of the Royal St Lucia Police Force.

  1. ARREST WITH OR WITHOUT PROCESS FOR CRIME

(1)     A person may—

(a)     with or without warrant or other legal process, arrest and detain another person whom he or she knows to have committed an indictable offence;

(b)     if the other person, having notice or knowing that he or she is accused of an indictable offence (rape, burglary, grievous harm etc.) , avoids arrest by resistance or flight or escapes or endeavors to escape from custody,

-use any force which is necessary for the arrest, detention or recapture, and may kill that other person if that other person cannot otherwise be arrested, detained, or retaken by any other means.

  1. REASONABLE USE OF FORCE IN SELF-DEFENCE

A person may use such force as is reasonable in the circumstances—

(a)     to prevent crime;

(b)     to protect himself or herself or another person from injury;

(c)      to protect himself or herself or another person (with his or her authority) from trespass to himself or herself or the other person;

(d)     to protect from injury or damage his or her property or property belonging to another person with that person’s authority.

  1. FORCE TO REPEL TRESPASSER

A person in actual possession of a house, land or vessel, or goods, or any other person authorized by him or her, may use the force reasonable in the circumstances as is necessary for the purpose of resisting a person who attempts forcibly and unlawfully to enter such house, land or vessel, or to take possession of the goods.

PLEASE NOTE THAT THE LAW MAKES PROVISION FOR SELF DEFENCE HOWEVER AN INVESTIGATION MUST BE CONDUCTED TO PROVE THAT YOUR ACTIONS WERE JUSTIFIED AND WITHIN THE PARAMETERS OF THE LAW.

VIGILANTE JUSTICE (THE ACT OF TAKING THE LAW INTO YOUR OWN HANDS) IS ILLEGAL. YOU CANNOT FIGHT CRIME BY COMMITTING A CRIME.

We at the Royal Saint Lucia Police force encourage the citizenry to read and study the laws which governs our society. Never forget that knowledge is power.

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