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Global CEOs In PwC Survey Pessimistic About Economic Growth


Nearly three quarters (73%) of CEOs believe global economic growth will decline over the next 12 months, according to PwC’s 26th Annual Global CEO Survey, which polled 4,410 CEOs in 105 countries and territories in October and November 2022.

The number is lower (62%) for CEOs in the Caribbean.

The bleak CEO outlook is the most pessimistic CEOs have been regarding global economic growth since we began asking this question 12 years ago.

Those expectations represented a stark reversal from the last Caribbean participation in the survey conducted between late 2020 and early 2021, when a similar proportion (69%) thought economic growth would improve.

30% of Caribbean CEOs think their organisations will not be economically viable in a decade

In addition to a challenging environment, nearly one third of Caribbean CEOs think their organisations will not be economically viable in a decade if they continue on their current path.

The pattern is consistent with global (39%) and Latin America (29%) though slightly higher than the US (20%), UK (22%) and Canada (24%).

Caribbean CEOs’ confidence in their own company’s growth prospects also declined dramatically (by over 40%) with less than half being very or extremely confident compared to the survey conducted in 2020 where almost 80% were either somewhat confident or very confident about their organisation’s prospects for revenue growth over the next year.

CEOs are also seeing multiple direct challenges to profitability within their own industries over the next 10-years.

76% believe changing customer demand/preferences will impact profitability, followed by changes in regulation (64%) and technology disruptions (60%).

Inflation, macroeconomic volatility and climate change top CEOs’ concerns

While cyber and health risks were the top concerns for Caribbean CEOs the last time they participated in the survey, the impact of the economic downturn is top-of-mind for CEOs this year, with inflation (50%) and macroeconomic volatility (36%) leading the risks weighing on CEOs in the short-term – the next 12 months – and over the next five years.

Close behind, 26% also feel financially exposed to climate change rising to be the
top threat over the next 5 years.

Cyber risks have fallen dramatically to just 14% and although they increase to 26% in the medium term, CEOs need to continue to show their commitment to stay ahead of cyber challenges that are still very much on the rise, so they safeguard their business against attacks.

CEOs are cutting costs but not headcount or compensation

In response to the current economic climate, Caribbean CEOs are looking to cut costs and spur revenue growth. 62% report reducing operating costs, while 58% report diversifying product and service offerings and 44% raising prices.

However, 66% say they do not plan to reduce the size of their workforce in the next 12
months. A vast majority – 84% – indicate they do not plan to reduce staff remuneration in order to retain talent and mitigate workforce attrition rates.

Ross Parker, Territory Leader, PwC East Caribbean, said:

“Decades-high inflation, a volatile economy and the imminent impact of climate change have contributed to a significant rise in Caribbean CEOs’ pessimism. Both locally across the Caribbean and globally, CEOs are re-evaluating their operating models and cutting costs, yet despite these pressures, they are continuing to put their people front and centre as they look to retain talent in the wake of the ‘Great Resignation.’ The world continues to change at a relentless pace, and the risks facing organisations, people – and the planet – will only continue to rise. If organisations are not only to thrive – but survive the next few years – they must carefully balance the dual imperative of mitigating short-term risks and operational demands with long-term outcomes – as businesses that don’t transform, won’t be viable.”

Managing climate risk a growing priority for businesses

Climate risk featured more prominently – ranking third (26%) – as a short-term risk over the next 12-months for Caribbean CEOs compared with Global CEOs.

This is in-line with how they see climate risk impacting their cost profiles (68%), supply chains (58%) and physical assets (38%) from a moderate to very large extent.

Recognising how vulnerable the Caribbean is to climate change and the impact it will have on business and society in the near and over the long-term, a majority of CEOs have already implemented – or are in the process of implementing – initiatives to reduce their companies’ emissions (52%), in addition to innovating new, climate-friendly products and processes (44%), or developing data-driven, enterprise-level strategy for reducing
emissions and mitigating climate risks (38%).

Despite an increasing number of countries now having some form of carbon pricing, a majority of respondents (64%) still do not plan to apply an internal price on carbon in decision-making.

The good news is that roughly the same amount (60%) have already implemented – or are in the process of implementing – initiatives to protect their company’s physical assets and/or workforce from the impact of climate risk.

Ross concludes:

“The risks facing organisations and society today cannot be addressed alone and in isolation. CEOs must therefore continue to collaborate with a wide range of public and private sector stakeholders to effectively mitigate those risks, build trust and generate long term value – for their businesses, society and the planet.”

SOURCE: PricewaterhouseCoopers East Caribbean. Headline photo courtesy

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